What is Acid Reflux

Heartburn is a frequent name for acid reflux. It is characterized by a burning feeling that moves from the throat to the chest and frequently leaves a sour or bitter aftertaste in the mouth. It happens as a result of stomach acid backing up into the esophagus.

A muscle band located at the esophagus’s end seals it off once the food or liquid reaches the stomach. They are known as the lower esophageal sphincter, the band (LES). Food or stomach acid may go back into the esophagus if the bar is closed incorrectly. As a result, the stomach contents may irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

The cause of acidity is the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. Acidity can be brought on by citrus fruits, coffee, fried and spicy foods, alcohol, and these things.

What Are the Common Acid Reflux Symptoms?

Some of the most typical acid reflux symptoms are dyspepsia, regurgitation, and heartburn.

Heartburn – Heartburn, also known as acid indigestion, is a burning ache or discomfort from your stomach to your chest and middle abdomen. Your throat may also start to hurt. Heartburn doesn’t impact your heart, despite its name.

Regurgitation – The sensation of acid backing up into your throat or mouth, is another typical acidity symptom. You may feel “wet burps” and a sour or bitter taste due to regurgitation.

Dyspepsia – A symptom known as dyspepsia is prevalent among those who suffer from acidity illness. The usual word for stomach discomfort is dyspepsia. Dyspepsia signs and symptoms include:

  • After eating, bloating, and nausea
  • abdominal bloating or fullness
  • discomfort in the upper abdomen

Acid reflux symptoms could be an indication that your esophagus has become inflamed by stomach acid. Stomach acid can then harm your esophagus lining and result in bleeding. Barrett’s oesophagus is a type of cancer that develops over time and affects the esophageal cells.

Do not disregard your acidity symptoms even if they are very common and rarely dangerous. To control acidity symptoms, a few lifestyle adjustments and the use of over-the-counter antacids are frequently sufficient.

When Do the Symptoms of Acid Reflux Occur?

In most cases, acidity symptoms include:

  • After a substantial lunch,
  • When stooping or lifting something,
  • Especially when sleeping on your back,

Acid reflux symptoms most frequently occur at night for those who have them frequently. GERD also causes the most discomfort at night. However, the intensity of the pain is not always a good indicator of the extent of esophageal injury.

The majority of pregnant women have heartburn at some point. This acidity symptom may be brought on by a combination of higher hormone levels and pressure from a developing fetus. Heartburn typically gets better or disappears entirely after delivery.

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Avoid these Foods to Prevent Acid Reflux | Stop Acid Reflux

Juices and Citrus Fruits

Heartburn is a known side effect of citrus fruits and liquids, including oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruits. Since these meals have an acidic character, eating them on an empty stomach may cause acid reflux. The acid in citrus fruits and drinks relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, causing acidity.

Tomatoes | Stop Acid Reflux

Lycopene, an anti-cancer substance, is found in tomatoes. However, because of their high acid content, tomatoes can cause acid reflux in people predisposed to them. For persons with acidity, it is advised to avoid tomato and tomato-based products, such as ketchup, sauces, and tomato soup.

Garlic, onion, and other spices

The majority of Indian food recipes frequently include both onion and garlic. However, many patients with heartburn may get acid reflux due to these. Many individuals are unaware that garlic can cause acid reflux, even though it contains anti-inflammatory effects.

Caffeinated drinks | Stop Acid Reflux

Caffeinated drinks, such as coffee and tea, can cause acid reflux. Drinking coffee and other caffeinated beverages increases stomach acid, exacerbating acid reflux and its symptoms. Caffeine use needs to be reduced if you want to cure acid reflux.

Spicy Meals

Many people’s acidity symptoms are made worse by spicy foods. The burning sensation and pain in the stomach may occasionally be brought on by the presence of pepper or chili in the diet. The spicy character of some foods, such as those from India, Malaysia, Thailand, and Mexico, can easily cause acid reflux. Heartburn sufferers should avoid spicy foods and opt for mild, non-spicy options.

Carbonated Drinks

Carbonated drinks and soda have significant acid content, which can cause acidity. They also include coffee and other stimulants, which cause acid reflux. After consuming carbonated beverages, gas is released into the stomach, which relaxes the esophageal sphincter and allows acid to backflow into the throat and esophagus.


While some alcoholic drinks, such as beer and wine, have a lower acid content, they might relax the esophageal sphincter, allowing stomach acid to back up and cause heartburn. Alcoholic beverages are occasionally combined with acidic mixers like orange or grapefruit juice, which can cause acidity. It is advised for people who already have heartburn to stay away from alcohol and alcoholic beverages.


Peppermint is a digestive aid and is frequently served following a heavy meal. On the other hand, causes heartburn by loosening the muscle that forms the sphincter between the stomach and esophagus. It is best to avoid mint-based goods, such as chewing gum, sweets, and candy bars, as they can cause heartburn.

Greasy and Fried Foods

Although fried meals have a mouthwatering flavor, they can seriously disrupt the digestive system of humans. Due to their high-fat content, which can slow the digestive process and leave behind excess acids that induce heartburn. Fried and fatty foods are difficult to digest.


You may be in for some unpleasant news if you have a sweet tooth and heartburn. One food that has been found to cause heartburn is chocolate. It has been discovered that eating chocolate can make acidity symptoms worse. Theobromine, a substance found in chocolate, relaxes the esophageal sphincter and causes acid reflux.

Other foods besides those mentioned above can also cause acidity. Dairy products like cheese and milk cause acid reflux. Most dairy products are heavy in fat, slow down digestion, and cause grease to stick to the stomach wall, increasing the amount of acid produced and causing it to run back into the esophagus. Baking treats like brownies and cookies can also cause acidity since they make the stomach’s environment acidic.

Frequently Asked Question

1. What is the main cause of acid reflux?

Ans. Acidic or high-fat foods, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, onions, chocolate, coffee, cheese, and peppermint, are the main culprits. Spicy foods or big meals can also cause distress. Aspirin, ibuprofen, certain sedatives, and blood pressure drugs are additional causes of heartburn.

2. Does water help with acid reflux?

Ans. The pH of a very acidic meal may generally be balanced by drinking water, which may assist in reducing the risk of acid reflux. According to studies, consuming mineral water with a high hydrogen carbonate level will lessen acid reflux frequency and intensity.

3. What fruit is good for acid reflux?

Ans. Melons: Low-acid fruits like watermelon, cantaloupe, and honeydew are among the most significant things to eat for acid reflux.

4. What is the best food for acid reflux?

Ans. Foods That Reduce the Risk of Acid Reflux
Oatmeal, couscous, and brown rice are examples of whole grains.
Sweet potatoes, carrots, and beets are examples of root vegetables.
Green foods include green beans, broccoli, and asparagus.

5. How can I test my stomach acid at home?

Ans. You’ll take the test on an empty stomach by downing a half-glass (4 ounces) of cold water with a quarter-teaspoon of baking soda—the duration of your burp, which you should time. According to the notion, if it takes more than three to five minutes, your stomach may not produce enough acid.